This book is the outcome of an exploratory study on penal and prison systems in Nepal. It is neatly divided into six parts. Part one gives an account of the pressing need for penal reform in Nepal. Part two includes historical background of the Nepalese prison system in general. Part three outlines the shortcoming of the countries criminal justice system as a whole. Part four gives a detailed account of the most pressing of all penal reforms needed in Nepal, which is the prison system, and of the inhumane conditions in each of the 73 prisons. Part five outlines the moves towards penal reform in Nepal, and the concluding chapter, part six introduces a framework of recommendations and the fundamental changes necessary to reform each area of the judicial system in Nepal. Overall this is an extremely well documented book.